What is Hemp?
Within the cannabis market, the terms marijuana and hemp are commonplace. Despite all the mainstream attention this subject has received, many still ask “what is hemp?”.
Distinguishing between marijuana and hemp is crucial to understanding today’s cannabis legislation. Both of these plant varieties are of the same species, Cannabis sativa L. They are both subspecies: and as such, they share many traits. The defining factor between marijuana and hemp is the content of a plant compound known as tetrahydrocannabinol or THC. This compound is exclusive to the cannabis plant species. THC is a psychotropic compound which has many useful attributes. Marijuana is famous for its high THC content ranging from 7%-28%. Hemp, however, contains under 0.3% THC.
This low amount of THC means that industrial hemp has no psychotropic effect. The United States passed a piece of national legislation in 2014 that allowed for the cultivation of this low THC variety of cannabis across the nation. Hemp has many uses that make it important to begin its production at a high rate once again.
The THC compound we mentioned above is known as a cannabinoid. Within the hemp plant itself, there are over 100 phytocannabinoids or plant-cannabinoids. CBD is one of these phytocannabinoids. Cannabidiol, the full name for CBD, has become quite popular as a natural supplement. These CBD products, despite their association to marijuana, have no psychotropic potential. This gentle compound has many qualities and applications. Other phytocannabinoids are often contained in both CBD and marijuana products. CBD products can include a broad spectrum of useful phytocannabinoid compounds such as CBN and CBG.
Key Questions Regarding Hemp: What is Hemp Oil? and What is Hemp Seed?
When taking a look at hemp in the current market, you will most likely come across a few new terms. One of the most common inquiries is what is hemp oil? Hemp oil refers to any extraction made from the hemp plant. Typically when referring to a hemp oil, the product contains no THC but has a spectrum of phytocannabinoid compounds. It is important to note that hemp seed oil is an entirely different product.
Even though hemp seed oil is both delicious and nutrient-rich, it does not contain any phytocannabinoids. If the hemp oil product you find is sourced from hemp seed oil, it is important to realize it will not contain any of these vital compounds.